Introduction: Be it offices, hospitals, malls or just homes, computers are everywhere! They help us with calculations, storing data, staying organized and also entertain and inform us.
Computers add speed and accuracy in various methods and so, they help us save time and money too!
Computers have made important contributions in various fields including science, technology, education, society and many more!
Meaning of Computer: Computers can be defined as electronic devices that receive, store and process the input data to generate the right output. In order to receive the right and desired output, one should enter the right information or data in computers.
Computers process various types of data, which is entered by users. These electronic devices execute a number of programs to achieve the correct result.
Computers also act as highly reliable scientific equipment. They receive and store data and carries out logical and mathematical calculations too to provide fast and accurate results. These days, computers are used in various fields and at almost every place!
Importance of Computers
Let us find out the significance of computers in our daily life:
- Education – Computers have a great contribution in the education field. The internet enabled computers do not only provide important knowledge and information on every subject, but they also connect students across the world. Moreover, the concept of smart classes, ebooks, multimedia learning, etc., has become possible only because of computers.
- Internet – With the help of internet on computers we stay connected with our friends and family. Computers provide us information and also entertain us. Today, we just need to type a word in the search engine and numerous pages open up for providing information on that particular word! Computers are extremely helpful in the distribution of information and knowledge. Also, we can watch movies, videos, news, etc., on computers with internet. Computers also help us generate money as there are many jobs and businesses that can be done online. Moreover, the online banking systems, online shopping and similar internet supported concepts on computers help save our time as well as money.
- Calculation: While computers carry out calculations and store and process data at office, they are also useful at home for many domestic tasks. For instance, they help us calculate the household budget by storing every day/monthly essential data.
- Help Businesses to grow – Regardless of being small or big, various businesses maintain their books of accounts in computers. Also, there are various online methods like email campaign, social media marketing, etc., that help businesses to promote and grow. Computers also provide quick & reliable electronic receipts in supermarkets and at various other places too. They are also widely used at hospitals for storing and retrieving patient information.
- Entertainment – Computers are great sources for entertainment. They give us plethora of choices when it comes to entertainment. We get to listen to music, watch movies and videos and chat with our friends with the help of computers.
Conclusion: Computer is one of the best gifts of technology! They are a pack of entertainment, information, knowledge and intelligence. Undoubtedly, computers have made significant contribution in human life and progress, but we suggest that one should not become a slave of technology! What we exactly mean to say is that we should spend time in front of screen with a purpose and meaning and that, we should always remember that the real world lies off-screen!
Category: BlogTagged With: Science and Technology
The Role of Computers in Everyday Life
The computer is one of the most brilliant gifts of science. It is an electronic device for strong and analyzing information fed into it for calculating or for controlling machinery automatically. Charles Babbage developed this device first in 1812 followed by George Boole in 1854, Howard and Aitten in 1937, Dr. John Nouchly an J.P Eckert in 1946. These computers were named the first generation equipment. Today with the Artificial Intelligence technology we are using fifth generation computers. Each new generation of computers has been smaller, lighter, speedier and more powerful than the earlier ones. Now notebook sized computers like laptop are fairly common. Computers have been dominating technology since 1970 and have now enter almost all walks of life.
Writing a program is essential for running a computer. This job is done by a software engineer. A computer program is a complete list of instructions which the computer accepts in order to solve a problem. There are many different languages that can be used to program me a computer. BASIC, COBOL, FORTRAN, C, C++ , JAVA and visual basic are some of them.
Speed accuracy, reliability and integrity are some of the characteristics of a computer. it can execute over a million instructions per second without committing any mistake. it can carry out calculation in just a few minutes that would require days if carried out manually. It helps us in solving many difficult problems of multiple calculations. The computer has a huge memory. It can hold large amounts of data. The software technology has seen a spurt of development and firms like Microsoft and Infosys have established themselves as market leaders, pioneering the IT revolution world over.
In less than 50 years computer have influenced practically every field of activity. many of the routine activities today are being performed by computers. Use of computers has reduced the paperwork. now most of the work is done directly on computers. The traffic in large cities is controlled by computers. Automation in banks and taxiway stations has provided relief to the publilc an staff alike. Ticketing an reservation have become more efficient an convenient, various types of games like chess an cards can also be played on computers.
The inter connection of computers worldwide, the Internets revolutionizing the concept and the conduct of business . visual and audio access to offices world wide through the network has given rise to virtual offices. One can have easy access to information via the internet. it is an ocean of knowledge for the students. it is a huge library. Students pursuing courses through distance education mode can study the subjects online. The internet is the fastest and cheapest way to take admission in a foreign institution, collect geographical information of any region chat with anybody in any corner of the world or search for a life partner of one choice.
The state governments an the central government have put special emphasis on computer education in India. Computer application is also being extended to legal arena. The supreme court of India has become the first court in the country to provide e-filling of cases.
Computerization has created a lot of jobs for DTP operator, programmers, hardware and software professionals. It provides tremendous openings for new kinds of entrepreneurs.
The computers can be used as typewriters, when equipped with telephone modems, with the help of computer we can chat across the world. Teleconferencing and video conferencing are also possible. The Internet the puss to keep in touch either our family an friends. One can get information about every subject known to man ranging from government law an services trade fairs, conference market information education and society to politics.
The computer has prove dates f as a friend an servant to science technology and industry. The computer through the internet expands business opportunities. computerization has been done in business, banking, electronic publishing, engineering, creative designing, fashion designing, etc. it is used in railways airlines, defense services, research establishment spots all an communication departments, meteorology, medical science, stock brooking etc. in defense they help radars and in missile and rocket launching. They have opened new avenues of shopping and entertainment.
Telecommunication and satellite imagery are computer based. Computerization can play an important role in rural areas in seed research, crop disease management and software development funeral industries.
The computer also has its negative side. The technology is misused for committing financial frauds for hacking for giving threats through email for sending vulgar messages for indulging in anti national activities and even for blackmailing people. chat rooms are used to indulge in indecent discussion. certain websites provide pornographic material which is extremely harmful for young children. To check all such crimes the police have established a separate network of IT experts and developed specialized software to keep track of new breed of educated criminals. But the advantages and importance of computers outweigh the disadvantages. Through computerization the world has become a global village today.