The competition between Google Android and Apple iOSis one of the most talked after wars in mobile gadget platforms. The Google Android platform is increasingly becoming dominant in the smartphones and tablets market. Nokia, a once leading company in the mobile phone market is slowly entering the smartphone market with a new range of Lumia smartphones powered by Windows 8 mobile as it phases out its range of Symbian powered smartphones. Equally, Motorola Mobility is trying to gain a share of the market by increasing its product portfolio of smartphones in the Droid family. The Android Operating System powers the Droid range of smartphones. Samsung is by far the largest mobile manufacturing company in the world with a full range of Android powered smartphones in the Galaxy family. The recent entry of the Samsung Galaxy SIII heightened the competitive advantage of the Android Software Platform based on the Android 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich) software. With HTC,Blackberry OS, and Microsoft Mobile as a distant competitors, the war is clearly not between mobile phone manufacturers but the war is between software manufacturers, and in this case,Apple iOS and Google Android (Katie, 2012).
Currently, the competition between Apple iOS and Google Android is so close such that it becomes difficult to tell the superior operating system (Ian, 2011). Undeniably, each mobile platform has its strengths and weaknesses.
Advantages of Android OS over Apple iOS
Devices running the Android Operating System are versatile such that the UI (User Interface) enables users to multitask functions and multiple purposes. The versatility enables users to perform two functions at a time without having to close other applications. On the contrary, the Apple iOS allows users to execute one function at a time and exit running applications when they need to open another application. The Android second advantage is that the Google Android OS supports several Social Integration and Google functionalities and apps such as Google Play, Gmail, Google Maps, G-talk, YouTube, and Google Plus. The Apple iOS is limited to selected social integration and functionalities from the iTunes store. Third, users can access a variety of third-party applications without stringent rules and restrictions compared to the Apple iOS. Lastly, the Android OS runs on any android supported device because of its low system requirements and it does not require the installation of additional drivers(Ian, 2011).
The Java programming language in programming applications for android devices is very popular with many a software developer. Majority of programmers are proficient with the Java programming language thereby preferring devices ran on Java supported platforms. The Apple iOS, on the other hand, uses the Objective-C language programming language, which is less preferred among software developers based on the level of complexity. Second, the Open Handset Alliance in collaboration with Google have made the Android Operating System is an open source software that uses third-party tools to develop applications. When compared to Android OS, developers have no liberty to use third-party tools when developing applications for devices running on the Apple iOS because developers have to adhere to restrictive developer guidelines that specify the type of tools. It is argued that these restrictions limits the creative and innovative abilities of software developers.Speaking of software testing platform, an indexed set of software tools is available to android users to enhance their software testing abilities. This set of indexed tools is superior to the Xcode testing tool availed to Apple iOS developers.
Disadvantages of Android OS over iOS
The wide range of Android Software versions such as Ice Cream Sandwich, Jelly Bean, Gingerbread, Honeycomb, Froyo, and Éclair among others are confusing to many a client. The rate of software version is so frequent such that clients can only anticipate for future versions. For instance, the Ice Cream Sandwich is less than 3 months old but the Jelly Bean is replacing it. Worse still, software upgrades are not applicable to all versions. Apple iOS is superior in this category. Concerning multitasking abilities,Android supported devices often hang up due to large system memory requirements to run multiple applications thereby reducing the overall speed of the device. Applications on iOS devices load faster as compared to Android platform.
Multiple usability leads to the creation of complex applications that increases the difficulty to consumers and developers as compared to developers using the Apple iOSand its stable platform.There are few crashes while using the Apple iOS in addition to faster loading time for applications. Lastly, there are higher risks when using the android platform due to attacks and threats because of the open platform.
Two decades ago, any issue relating to web standards was mainly a purview of computer scientists, enterprise technologists, and engineers. Currently, the concept of web standards is everybody’s business and this is in part due to the sheer number of standards that the web fraternity have had to comply over the past few decades. Web Standards refers to rules and regulations that guide the process of making it easier for files to be read by any person irrespective of his/her location on the globe. Web standards influence the administration and development of websites in terms of usability, accessibility, and interoperability of web pages. With web standards, it is possible for content authors and users in the web to communicate with each other irrespective of the device used to experience the webpage. By adhering to the web standards, users and developers can derive benefits such as easier development and maintenance that translate into cost savings and minimize the reinvention of web-based programs (Kane, and Hegarty, 2007).
According to Aghaei, Mohammad, and Farsani, (2012), web standards involve universally conventional practices that delineate the criteria with which websites are developed. For this reason, technical and non-proprietary standards are followed when defining the aspects of the World Wide Web. Examples of web technologies and standards that have developed since the inception of the World Wide Web include Web 1.0, Web 2.0, Web, 3.0, and Web 4.0.The W3C Consortium uses specific tools, software, and specifications to create and maintain such standards.
Web 1.0 Standard
Web 1.0 standard is popularly known as the web of cognition and it is the first web standard that provided individuals with the avenue for broadcasting information to users. It was a read-only standard such that information could only be searched and users could not make interactions (Hsu, and Par, 2011).
Web 2.0 Standard
Defined by Dale Dougherty in 2004, this standard provided an improvement to the Web 1.0 standard because it is powered by the read-and-write technological platform. The web 2.0 platform is characterized by information sharing capabilities, interoperability, and interactions among users on the internet (Fifarek, 2007). It favored social interactions because of the capability to manage high volumes of information. Such power enabled it to attract more users due to expanded application capabilities and network effects. Aghaei, Mohammad, and Farsani (2012) states that this web platform provided increased controls as compared to its predecessor web 1.0.
Web 3.0 Standard
Reed Technology and Information Services designed this technology to enable users to access customizable web publishing and technological solutions. The web 3.0 technology was aimed at enabling to publish magazines on the web alongside with their archived and latest information. This standard enables users to organizing large volumes and as well define structural data based lines that allows effective automation, integration, discovery, and re-use of information in different platforms (Aghaei, Mohammad, and Farsani, 2012).Other characteristics of the web 3.0 technology include the presence of navigational tools, full-text search capabilities, hyperlinked text, simple search-result pages, and online features such as discussion groups and forums.
Advancement in technologies have provided a wide range of tools and new opportunities that enable organizations to personalize their operating environments. For instance, virtualization and cloud computing have received increasing support all over the world due to the need of meeting the rapidly changing economic needs and service delivery (Marks, E. & Lozano, B. 2010). With cloud computing, organizations can minimize on information technology costs while at the same time enabling the organization to attain higher flexibility in security maintenance, compliance, and reliability (Thomas 2010). Cloud computing involves the use of computer technologies such as hardware and software programs to deliver computing services over a network. Examples of cloud computing services include storage services, desktop services, security services, and IT services.The management of business operations has evolved to a situation whereby incorporation of multi-products and multi-channel strategies is the most vital aspect of market success.
Benefits of cloud computing
Internet based computing the sharing of resources and information from one computer to the other within the organization (Marks & Lozano, 2010). This has provided the shift from the mainframe form of operation to the client-server based management systems of managing business operations. Second, cloud computing helps users to store personal files in remote “cloud” locations as compared to the traditional process of storing files in computer hardware drives. Third, cloud computing enables organizations to access a wide range of services that include web based email services, internet communication tools, customer relationship management, and file storage services. Information sharing across clouds enables employees to work together on documents and work projects irrespective of their location.
Account setting and usability provided they have access to the internet thereby increasing chances of sharing and accessing company information. Another benefit associated with cloud computing is the flexibility of conducting business operations and as such, many an employee within the business organization are capable of accessing files from several remote locations provide he/she has access to the files (Miller, 2008). Closely related to the aspect of flexibility are the increased options of accessing stored files and these options include smartphones, tablets, and other devices that can connect to the internet.Organizations that use cloud computing can save on hiring costs and other costs related to HR.
Cloud computing does require technological expertise because users utilize software and hardware programs that are already installed in computers. Additionally, many applications based on the cloud computing easier and less complex in addition to costing less. Finally yet important, cloud-computing offers increased security to organizations such that worries associated with computer attacks and malwares over networks are eliminated. IT leaders within organizations will have reduced responsibilities of running technological processes of their businesses by directing their focus to effective and efficient utilization of technology. Speaking of financial related issues, financial risks can be projected to reduce and this has direct implications on maintaining minimal sunk capital costs in situations where the idea fails to materialize (Miller, 2008). With the increased advancement in technology, there is no doubt that cloud-computing will be increasingly used by businesses.
4 (1): Computer security
There is no doubt that the weakest link in computer security does not lie in the nature of the technology but rather the weakest link lies in the individuals utilizing the technology. The case of Mary provides an ideal situation where users fall into the tricks used by hackers to access private and confidential information. It happens in part due to ignorance and negligence and in part due to distractions that inhibit individuals from paying attention to detail. Lack of the security prevention measures in basic information technology can enable hackers to use the simplest technologically engineered tricks to hack in personal accounts. From the conversation between Mary and the hacker, Mary failed to pay attention to detail or interrogate the caller regarding identity matters before providing sensitive information. Technologies are built with password protected or encrypted technologies to ensure that users information is safe. However, it is up to users to protect this information. Equally, organizations need to educate their employees on issues regarding the security of their accounts on the network. Additionally, the organization should ensure that it informs employees on the right authorities to contact in case of network breakdown and this includes details of the network service providers, in order to prevent cases of hacking.
4(2.1): Alternative login mechanisms
Other than password protected login mechanisms into computer networks and systems, advancement in technology have led to the development of more secure mechanisms. For instance, the implementation of biometric systems will enable individuals to log in to their accounts after the computer systems authenticates the login attempt using specific personal attributes. However, this mechanism requires the use of additional software or hardware mechanisms to assist in scanning individual attributes that facilitate the login attempts. Graphical illustrations and images among other types of non-text passwords can be used as alternative means of login into personal accounts.Such methods can help in minimizing cases of account hacking.
Apple's iPhone lineup took a leap forward this year, adding new hardware capabilities such as wireless charging and, in the case of the iPhone X, a high-res OLED screen. At the same time, iOS 11 introduced new refinements to Apple's phones. But even though iPhones are the best that they've ever been, Android handsets still offer a far better combination of value and features than Apple's limited lineup.
Android takes off the training wheels and lets consumers choose from a swath of hardware and software, also giving access to key technologies, such as 3.5mm headphone jacks and USB-C ports that you won't find on the latest iPhones. You can also get an unlocked Android phone for far less than the cost of Apple's least expensive handset, the iPhone SE.
Here are 10 reasons Android beats the iPhone.
1. Better values
If you want an iPhone, you have eight choices: the $349 iPhone SE, the $449 iPhone 6s, the $549 iPhone 6s Plus and iPhone 7, the $669 iPhone 7 Plus, the $699 iPhone 8, the $799 iPhone 8 Plus, and the $999 iPhone X. While the 4-inch iPhone SE may sound like a bargain in comparison to its big brothers, you can find a really great Android phone that sells for less than $349 and comes with a much bigger screen.
ZTE Blade Z MaxThere are more than half a dozen good Android phones that cost less than $250. You can get a solid handset like the Moto G5 Plus — which has a 5.2-inch, 1080p display; a snappy Snapdragon 625 CPU; and a good 12-MP camera — for just $239. Available on MetroPCS, the $130 ZTE Blade Z Max has a 6-inch, full-HD display and lasts more than 11 hours on a charge.
2. 3.5mm headphone jacks
All phones since the iPhone 7 lack the 3.5mm audio jack that lets you connect a pair of standard headphones. If you want to listen to music on your Apple handset, you'll have to use a dongle, connect a pair of Bluetooth headphones or buy a wired set that uses the company's proprietary Lightning connector.
iPhone 7 (with headphone dongle)REBUTTAL: 11 Reasons the iPhone Beats Android
However, most of the world's headphones — ranging from the $3 pair you get at Walgreens to the $300 set of Bose QuietComforts you got for your birthday — still use the 3.5mm connector. With the exception of the Moto Z and Google Pixel / Pixel 2, most Android phones still have this popular port, including all of the hottest handsets from Samsung, LG and OnePlus.
3. USB Type-C charging ports with fast charging
If you want to charge an iPhone or connect it to your computer for any reason, you'll need a cable with Apple's proprietary Lightning port. Unfortunately, other than iPhones and iPads, no devices charge over Lightning, so you can't share the same set of cables with your other gear. This is ironic, because Apple's MacBooks charge via USB-C.
Samsung Galaxy Note 8Today, most new Android phones use a USB Type-C port for charging, which means that they can access an extremely broad universe of ports and peripherals, from universal chargers to docking stations. In addition, USB-C enables fast wired charging on most newer Android phones. With the iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus and iPhone X, charging fast with a wire means buying another 29-watt or higher power brick plus a USB-C-to-Lightning cable.
4. Customization, widgets and skins
Like a father in a 1950s sitcom, Apple thinks it knows what's best for you, no matter what you need or want, so it locks down the UI and offers fewer customizations than Google does. You're limited to a few select widgets. But with Android, you can choose from thousands of widgets that live on your home or lock screens and provide everything from music playback to weather and note taking.
Manufacturers such as Samsung and LG add custom "skins" on top of the core operating system, offering a unique look and feel. Better still, you can install your own launcher or add a custom theme, which makes your phone look and feel completely different — and uniquely yours.
5. Many more hardware options, including rugged phones
At one time, Google's marketing tagline for Android was "Be Together. Not the Same." That makes sense, because the platform appears on hundreds of different phone models around the world. You can get Android phones with giant screens, small screens, modular add-ons, QWERTY keyboards and replaceable batteries.
Moto Z2 Force and projectorIt's nice to know that the latest iPhones are water-resistant, but if you're really worried about breaking your phone, there are some truly rugged handsets out there, like the Moto Z2 Force, which has a screen that's guaranteed not to crack for four years and an optional projector add-on. You can also consider the LG X venture, which is shock-resistant from up to 4 feet in the air. If you want the feeling of typing on real physical keys, look no further than the BlackBerry KeyOne.
6. A true, working file system
Want to copy files from your iPhone to your computer? You'll need to install iTunes and set up an account, and even then, you can move only media files, such as photos, back and forth. Plug an Android phone into your PC, on the other hand, and it instantly mounts as an external drive filled with folders you can drag and drop.
With iOS 11, iPhone users recently got the ability to browse through some of their data files using the new Files app. However, Files doesn't give you access to all the folders on your device like Android tools such as Astro File Manager and ES File Manager do. And the iOS 11 Files app still doesn't make your iPhone appear as an external drive when you connect it to your computer via USB.
7. A back button
Android's back button provides a really simple and helpful way to return to a previous screen no matter where you are. The button even works across apps. If you hit a link in Facebook and get transported to the Chrome browser, you can return to the social media app when you hit the back button.
On the iPhone, you can get contextual back buttons within apps or a back button that appears when you click a link that takes you from one app to another. However, there's no universal button that helps you step back.
8. Multiwindow support
If you're looking to multitask on your phone, you want an Android phone. The latest two versions of Google's mobile operating system, Android 7 Nougat and Android 8 Oreo, have a built-in multiwindow mode, allowing you to, for example, look at the company web page in one window while you reply to your boss's email in another. Even without the latest OS update, phones from LG and Samsung have this split-screen view built in. Apple has a split-screen view in iOS, but only for the company's tablets, not its phones.
9. Write with a stylus
While you can get an Apple Pencil for your iPad, if you want to scribble on your iPhone screen, you're pretty much out of luck (you can buy a capacitive stylus which is no better than your finger).
Samsung Galaxy Note 8 and S PenHowever, the Galaxy Note 8 comes with the extremely powerful S Pen, and the onboard software lets you use the stylus for drawing, writing instant messages and scribbling notes even when the phone's screen is off. LG also makes a number of stylus-enabled phones, including the G4 Stylus and the Stylo 3.
10. More login options
The iPhone 6, 7 and 8 all use Apple's Touch ID fingerprint recognition to let you log in with one touch, but they don't offer facial or retina recognition. The iPhone X offers facial recognition but no fingerprint or retina option. Android devices provide you with a wide range of authentication options. Samsung's recent Galaxy phones, for example, let you choose fingerprint, retina or facial recognition.
Credit: Tom's Guide/Shutterstock
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About the author
Avram Piltch is the online editorial director at Tom's Guide. When he's not playing with the latest gadgets at work or putting on VR helmets at trade shows, you'll find him rooting his phone, taking apart his PC or coding plugins. With his technical knowledge and passion for testing, Avram developed many of our real-world benchmarks, including the battery test.